Pastor Rainer Eppelmann, who became Minister of Defense and Disarmament after March 1990, felt that new political freedoms for former Stasi members would be jeopardized by acts of revenge. Februar 1950 wurde das Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, die Stasi, gegründet. Moreover, high-ranking Stasi officers continued their post-GDR careers in management positions in Schlaff's group of companies. Die Prostitution war in der DDR verboten. He didn't want to wait until somebody tried to act against the regime. The world of Cold War spying is often depicted as a glamorous business, with clandestine meetings, ingenious gadgets and high drama. By comparison, the Gestapo deployed one secret policeman per 2,000 people. Stiftung Gedenkstätten Sachsen-Anhalt. A really good movie that shows the true face and the realities of Socialism in Germany, it was much better than its now.. Impetus for the establishment of the GRH was provided by the criminal charges filed against the Stasi in the early 1990s. Prime Minister Lothar de Maizière even went so far as to predict murder. Je mehr er dabei allerdings in das Leben der anderen eindringt, desto mehr wird ihm sein eigenes trostloses Leben bewusst. The memorial site and museum was founded in December 1990. With the German reunification on 3 October 1990, a new government agency was founded called the Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the former German Democratic Republic (German: Der Bundesbeauftragte für die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik), officially abbreviated "BStU". [27] A large number of Stasi informants were tram conductors, janitors, doctors, nurses and teachers. The same ministry also took guardianship of remaining AfNS facilities. Preserving records. Als Geheimdienst (auch Nachrichtendienst genannt) sammelte sie Informationen zur Lage in der DDR, insbesondere zur Sicherheitspolitik. Tactics employed under Zersetzung generally involved the disruption of the victim's private or family life. Would it not be easier. [28] Informants were made to feel important, given material or social incentives, and were imbued with a sense of adventure, and only around 7.7%, according to official figures, were coerced into cooperating. By the 1970s, the Stasi had decided that the methods of overt persecution that had been employed up to that time, such as arrest and torture, were too crude and obvious. Guten Tag, Passkontrolle - Ein Film über die Passkontrollorgane der DDR. By at least one estimate, the Stasi maintained greater surveillance over its own people than any secret police force in history. Indeed, the Stasi was seen as a localized extension of the KGB, the Soviet Security Service that had arrived when the Russians had liberated Berlin from the Nazis in 1945. The actions of the CIA, MI6 and the KGB – or earlier of the Gestapo and the NKVD – are far more suited to the silver screen and the internal politics of East Germany is hardly the sexiest of subjects. Since 1996, the building which was used as an interrogation centre by the Stasi and an execution site by the Nazis has been a museum and memorial centre for victims of political persecution. Erstmals lernt Wiesler die Welt der Kunst und des freien Denkens kennen. The protesters continued to grow in number until they were able to overcome the police and gain entry into the complex. Vor 30 Jahren endete die Geschichte der Stasi. [73], During the Peaceful Revolution of 1989, Stasi offices and prisons throughout the country were occupied by citizens, but not before the Stasi destroyed a number of documents (approximately 5%)[74] consisting of, by one calculation, 1 billion sheets of paper. His slow descent into obsession, the tedious scrutiny with which he follows the pair around and the inevitable meeting of Wiesler’s professional spying and personal fixations is beautifully played out, creating an essence of what the Stasi meant to the East German people. Zaisser tried to depose SED General Secretary Walter Ulbricht after the June 1953 uprising, but was instead removed by Ulbricht and replaced with Ernst Wollweber thereafter. Für Siegfried Rataizick, der nach der Friedlichen Revolution vor 30 Jahren als Gefängnischef entlassen wurde, war es ein später Triumph, dass es seinem verhassten Widersacher am Ende genauso erging wie ihm. ... Best Picture Winners Best Picture Winners Golden Globes Emmys STARmeter Awards San Diego Comic-Con New York Comic-Con Sundance Film Festival Toronto Int'l Film Festival Awards Central Festival Central All Events. ... 1985. „Wir wollen nur frei sein“ – Fluchtversuche aus der DDR Viele versuchten es, doch nur wenigen gelang es: die Flucht aus der DDR. Instead, there was the constricting arms of the Stasi, the secret police and intelligence agency combined into one that was at the heart of life in the communist sector. They also argued against the use of the files to capture former Stasi members and prosecute them, arguing that not all former members were criminals and should not be punished solely for being a member. On 17 November 1989, the Council of Ministers (Ministerrat der DDR) renamed the Stasi the "Office for National Security" (Amt für Nationale Sicherheit – AfNS), which was headed by Generalleutnant Wolfgang Schwanitz. Mehrere Zeitzeugen kommen zu Wort. In the mid-1980s, a network of IMs began growing in both German states. [33] About one out of every 63 East Germans collaborated with the Stasi. One director to another: artist Amie Siegel appears in her film DDR/DDR on Stasi director Erich Mielke’s daybed. It is a government agency of the Federal Republic of Germany.It was established when the Stasi Records Act came into force on 29 December 1991. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 08:52. The most influential case was that of Günter Guillaume, which led to the downfall of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt in May 1974. Stasi Mitarbeiter Liste Online mit PKZ-Nummern und Diensteinheitenschlüsseln Liste hauptamtlicher Mitarbeiter des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit der DDR Stasi Offiziere im besonderen Einsatz (OibE) As part of this decision, the Ministerrat originally called for the evolution of the AfNS into two separate organizations: a new foreign intelligence service (Nachrichtendienst der DDR) and an "Office for the Protection of the Constitution of the GDR" (Verfassungsschutz der DDR), along the lines of the West German Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz, however, the public reaction was extremely negative, and under pressure from the "Round Table" (Runder Tisch), the government dropped the creation of the Verfassungsschutz der DDR and directed the immediate dissolution of the AfNS on 13 January 1990. Stasi collaborator Peter Haack (Stasi codename "Alfons") befriended Welsch and then fed him hamburgers poisoned with, Documents in the Stasi archives state that the KGB ordered Bulgarian agents to. [71] Pacepa has noted that what happened in Russia and how KGB Colonel Vladimir Putin took over Russia resembles these plans. Das Spitzelsystem im DDR-Hochleistungssport zählte in den achtziger Jahren annähernd 3.000 Stasizuträger. The Stasi didn't try to arrest every dissident. After an uprising by workers in 1953 – campaigning for a state that was more like socialist which they had been sold by the authorities, with fairer wages and better conditions – was put down by the government and the Soviets, the need for a stronger secret police was clear to the DDR’s hierarchy. Erstmals lernt Wiesler die Welt der Kunst und des freien Denkens kennen. We might balk at the idea of a state secret police at all, they had been a feature of every regime that had ruled Germany previously, from the Kaiser’s. Even though groups of this sort were active in the community, those who were tracking down ex-members were, as well. The building was opened to the public from 20 January 1990 and people were taken on tours of the site. After German reunification, the surveillance files that the Stasi had maintained on millions of East Germans were opened, so that all citizens could inspect their personal file on request. The building was also the district offices of the Stasi administration. [27] Information gathered about the latter groups was frequently used to divide or discredit members. Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Group)—A terrorist organization which killed dozens of West Germans and others, which received financial and logistical support from the Stasi, as well as shelter and new identities. Der DDR-Geheimdienst mischte in vielen Staaten Asiens, Afrikas und Lateinamerikas mit. Certain functions of the AfNS reasonably related to law enforcement were handed over to the GDR Ministry of Internal Affairs. Es galt als das "Schild und Schwert" der SED(Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands). Als Geheimdienst (auch Nachrichtendienst genannt) sammelte sie Informationen zur Lage in der DDR, insbesondere zur Sicherheitspolitik. It has been a cultural centre and a memorial to the victims of political tyranny since June 1994, managed by the Museum Viadrina. The prison at Moritzplatz was used by the Volkspolizei from 1952 until 1958. Movies such as Bridge of Spies, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Funeral in Berlin depict the hijinx of agents crossing the Berlin Wall, but the definitive cinematic portrayal of the East German era is The Lives of Others, a low key, intense story of a Stasi agent Gerd Wiesler’s increasing infatuation with a bohemian couple. [18] 10,000 IMs were under 18 years of age. [37], Recruitment of informants became increasingly difficult towards the end of the GDR's existence, and, after 1986, there was a negative turnover rate of IMs. ...the Stasi often used a method which was really diabolic. [25], The Stasi had formal categorizations of each type of informant, and had official guidelines on how to extract information from, and control, those with whom they came into contact. [102] In 1957, Markus Wolf became head of the Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung (HVA) (Main Reconnaissance Administration), the foreign intelligence section of the Stasi. Film Im Visier des Unsichtbaren. At the local level the Stasi had Area Precincts for State Security (Bezirksverwaltungen für Staatssicherheit - one each for the 227 cities and municipal districts and the 11 city boroughs (Stadtbezirken) of East Berlin). Spur in die Nacht, Spielfilm, DDR 1957. It bears mentioning because, before the film came out in 2006, the story of the Stasi was not well known outside of Germany. These candidates were then made to sit through several tests and exams, which identified their intellectual capacity to be an officer, and their political reliability. There were also some who believed that everyone was guilty of something. [18] From the volume of material destroyed in the final days of the regime, the office of the Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records (BStU) believes that there could have been as many as 500,000 informers. The plan specified 2,587 OibE officers (Offiziere im besonderen Einsatz, "officers on special assignment") who would have assumed power as detailed in the Top Secret Document 0008-6/86 of 17 March 1986. The Stern magazine noted that KGB officer (and future Russian President) Vladimir Putin worked with his Stasi colleagues in Dresden in 1989. This had a significant impact on the Stasi's ability to survey the populace, in a period of growing unrest, and knowledge of the Stasi's activities became more widespread. HD Doku | Geheimnisse Stasi - Feind ist wer anders denkt Disclaimer! Den CSU-Politiker Franz Josef Strauß gewann die SED-Führung aber am Ende zu einem Partner, der ihr einen Milliardenkredit vermittelte. Ausgezeichnet mit dem Oscar für den besten nicht-englischsprachigen Film. We might balk at the idea of a state secret police at all, they had been a feature of every regime that had ruled Germany previously, from the Kaiser’s Preußische Geheimpolizei to the Nazi Gestapo. It was the first time East Germans had undertaken such resistance against the Stasi and it instigated the take over of Stasi buildings throughout the country. From January 1990 the building was used as offices for various citizens initiatives and new political groups, such as the Neue Forum. The state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern took ownership of it in 1998, and the memorial site and museum were established in 1999. 2020 19 Uhr Die Schule der DDR-Spione. DDR (East Germany) in movies. The Stasi Records Agency (Stasi-Unterlagen-Behörde) is the organisation that administers the archives of Ministry of State Security (Stasi) of the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany). As intelligence chief, Wolf achieved great success in penetrating the government, political and business circles of West Germany with spies. Im Mittelpunkt des DDR-Films, der auf tatsächlichen Ereignissen beruht, steht der regimetreue Soldat Harald Jäger, der die letzten Stunden vor dem Mauerfal… Honecker was charged with authorizing the killing of would-be escapees on the east–west frontier and the Berlin Wall. Il film che ha forse riscosso più successo, però, è quello del 2003 di Wolfgang Becker, “Goodbye Lenin”. For Eyes Only, Spielfilm, DDR 1964. The actions of the CIA, MI6 and the KGB – or earlier of the Gestapo and the NKVD – are far more suited to the silver screen and the internal politics of … By 1995, some 174,000 inoffizielle Mitarbeiter (IMs) Stasi informants had been identified, almost 2.5% of East Germany's population between the ages of 18 and 60. For example, in 1990, Herbert Kohler, Stasi commander in Dresden, transferred 170 million marks to Schlaff for "harddisks" and months later went to work for him. The fall of the Berlin Wall, and a kid has to make his beloved mother don't know about it. Sanierung einer Dokumentations- und Gedenkstätte in Rostock, Nord Stream, Matthias Warnig (codename "Arthur") and the Gazprom Lobby, Gazprom's Loyalists in Berlin and Brussels, "Police investigate Gazprom executive's Stasi past", "Aris, Helmut * 11.5.1908, † 22.11.1987 Präsident des Verbandes der Jüdischen Gemeinden", "Mandatsentzug läßt Beck kalt: "Ich bin ein Schlachtroß, "H-Soz-u-Kult / Mielke, Macht und Meisterschaft", "Was der Geheimdienst der DDR mit dem Sport zu tun hatte", "Das Stasi-Geheimnis der Hotelchefin Uta Felgner", "Cottbus-Trainer Geyer horchte Kirsten und Sammer aus", "Eine Stasi-Debatte, die nicht beendet wurde", "DDR: Birthler-Behörde ließ Stasi-Spitzel einladen - WELT", "Kamnitzer, Heinz * 10.5.1917, † 21.5.2001 Präsident des PEN-Zentrums DDR", "Olympiakos soccer chief was 'spy for Stasi, "Luft, Christa geb. [18] A former Stasi colonel who served in the counterintelligence directorate estimated that the figure could be as high as 2 million if occasional informants were included. Im Film wird ihm nach und nach klar, wie viel Schuld er auf sich geladen hat. It was realised that psychological harassment was far less likely to be recognised for what it was, so its victims, and their supporters, were less likely to be provoked into active resistance, given that they would often not be aware of the source of their problems, or even its exact nature. Less mentally and academically endowed candidates were made ordinary technicians and attended a one-year technology-intensive course for non-commissioned officers. 18 of the 72 players (every fourth player) who played at least once for football team, Robin Pearson (Lecturer at the University of Hull), Bernd Runge, CEO of Phillips de Pury auction house. Investigations have revealed that some of the key Gazprom Germania managers are former Stasi agents.[103][104]. Their secrecy was their strength, so let us talk you through a few of the methods in which they exerted their control over life in East Germany. The East Germans knew, of course, that they were surrounded by informers, in a totalitarian regime that created mistrust and a state of widespread fear, the most important tools to oppress people in any dictatorship. Bekanntester un… Reassembling the destroyed files has been relatively easy due to the number of archives and the failure of shredding machines (in some cases "shredding" meant tearing paper in two by hand and documents could be recovered easily). "Das Leben der Anderen" - erst ein Film, dann darüber eine Ausstellung: Die Stasi ist fast immer ein zentrales Motiv in Filmen über die DDR. Eingefädelt von einem Stasi … But for those living in the Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), the Stasi was omnipresent and omniscient, the force that must always be considered and feared, the hidden hand in almost every aspect of life. [101], Former Stasi agent Matthias Warnig (codename "Arthur") is currently the head of Nord Stream. Gab Mielke den Schießbefehl? When the Stasi were founded in 1950, it wasn’t seen as controversial. The building was the Stasi district offices and a remand prison from 1950 until 1969, after which the Volkspolizei used the prison. [91][92], The Roter Ochse [de] (Red Ox) is a museum and memorial site at the prison at Am Kirchtor 20, Halle (Saale). In seiner Dokumentation über die "Prostitution in der DDR" steigt Autor Axel Nixdorf hinab in eine Schattenwelt aus Sozialismus, Stasi und Sex. Timothy Garton Ash, an English historian, after reading his file, wrote The File: A Personal History.[78]. Some also believed that politicians involved with the Stasi should be investigated. Blumenau, Bernhard. Mielke believed that the best informants were those whose jobs entailed frequent contact with the public. Ihr halfen viele Menschen, die bereitwillig über andere "petzten". Januar 1990 in Berlin. [citation needed]. The Stasi – to give them their proper name, the, or Ministry of State Security – was a secret police like no other. He died in Chile in May 1994. In teilweise sehr bedrückenden Aussagen berichten sie von ihren Erlebnissen, die sie als Andersdenkende in der DDR machen mus… History, The Bautzner Straße Memorial in Dresden website, Frankfurt (Oder) baut sein altes Gefängnis zum Kulturzentrum um / Gedenkstättenbeirat entsetzt Der einstige Hinrichtungsraum wird ein Café, Museum Viadrina. [82], Memorial and Education Centre Andreasstrasse - a museum in Erfurt which is housed in a former Stasi remand prison. Für Siegfried Rataizick, der nach der Friedlichen Revolution vor 30 Jahren als Gefängnischef entlassen wurde, war es ein später Triumph, dass es seinem verhassten Widersacher am Ende genauso erging wie ihm. 14. Hier sollte ohne jede Hemmung besonders viel Ruhm eingeheimst werden. These files are now maintained by the Stasi Records Agency. Obwohl die meisten Akten 1990 vernichtet wurden, lässt sich der Umfang der internationalen Arbeit schätzen. It was used as a prison by the Soviet occupying forces from 1945 to 1953, and from 1953 to 1989 by the Stasi. Ch. Die DDR wurde 40 Jahre lang von der Sozialistischen Einheitspartei Deutschlands (SED) regiert ohne jemals durch freie, demokratische Wahlen legitimiert zu sein. [77] There was a debate about what should happen to the files, whether they should be opened to the people or kept closed. After an uprising by workers in 1953 – campaigning for a state that was more like socialist which they had been sold by the authorities, with fairer wages and better conditions – was put down by the government and the Soviets, the need for a stronger secret police was clear to the DDR’s hierarchy. Sie kannten sich alle, Spielfilm, DDR 1958. Following the June 1953 uprising, the Politbüro decided to downgrade the apparatus to a State Secretariat and incorporate it under the Ministry of Interior under the leadership of Willi Stoph. Shortly before the transformation of the Stasi into the Office of National Security the Ministry had the following structure: Divisions directly subordinated to the Minister Army general Erich Mielke (Dem Minister für Staatssicherheit direkt unterstellte Diensteinheiten), Divisions directly subordinated to the Deputy Minister Colonel General Werner Großmann (Dem Stellvertreter GO Großmann unterstellte Diensteinheiten) (his predecessor was the legendary Colonel general Markus Wolf), Divisions directly subordinated to the Deputy Minister Colonel general Rudi Mittig (Dem Stellvertreter GO Mittig unterstellte Diensteinheiten), Divisions directly subordinated to the Deputy Minister Lieutenant general Gerhard Neiber (Dem Stellvertreter GL Neiber unterstellte Diensteinheiten), Divisions directly subordinated to the Deputy Minister Lieutenant general Wolfgang Schwanitz (Dem Stellvertreter GL Schwanitz unterstellte Diensteinheiten) (Schwanitz was appointed as the chief of the Stasi successor agency - the Office for National Security), Between 1950 and 1989, the Stasi employed a total of 274,000 people in an effort to root out the class enemy. Spies reported every relative or friend who stayed the night at another's apartment. From 1950 to 1952 it was an execution site where 12 people sentenced to death were executed. Use of some form of blackmail was not uncommon. Im Film "Ein Volk unter Verdacht" spricht die junge Reporterin Malin Büttner mit dem BStU-Historiker Dr. Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk über grundlegende Fragen zum Ministerium für Staatssicherheit. [30] The number of IMs peaked at around 180,000 in that year, having slowly risen from 20,000 to 30,000 in the early 1950s, and reaching 100,000 for the first time in 1968, in response to Ostpolitik and protests worldwide. [79] The ruling also gave people the ability to make duplicates of their documents. The infiltration, however, was just beginning. It is a government agency of the Federal Republic of Germany.It was established when the Stasi Records Act came into force on 29 December 1991. This comparison led Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal to call the Stasi even more oppressive than the Gestapo. Funds were channelled to a small West German group for it to defend, The Stasi channelled large amounts of money to. Erich Mielke was born in a tenement in Berlin-Wedding, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire, on 28 December 1907.During the First World War, the neighborhood was known as "Red Wedding" due to many residents' Marxist militancy.In a handwritten biography written for the Soviet secret police, Mielke described his father as "a poor, uneducated woodworker," and said that his mother died in 1911. "KGB ordered Swiss explosion to distract attention from Chernobyl." Menu. Zwei Jahre zuvor hatte Fechner, seit der Gründung der DDR 1949 Minister, noch die Richter beaufsichtigt, die ihn später hinter Gitter brachten. The actions of the CIA, MI6 and the KGB – or earlier of the Gestapo and the NKVD – are far more suited to the silver screen and the internal politics of … Those who opposed opening the files cited privacy as a reason. Would it not be easierIn that case for the governmentTo dissolve the peopleAnd elect another? ... Bundespolitiker, die Kritik an der DDR übten, waren ein besonderes Ziel von DDR-Propaganda und Stasi. Eigentlich! Da sich die DDR gegenüber dem Klassenfeind als moralisch überlegen sah, hätte es Ausbeutung von Frauen so nicht geben dürfen. The word is difficult to translate because it means originally "biodegradation". Sehnsucht Natur: Ökologisierung des Denkens (2009). Mehrere Zeitzeugen kommen zu Wort. Eine Wegbeschreibung und Übersicht von Jens Schöne. The motto of the Ministry for State Security was that it was the “Sword and Shield of the Party”, the defence of the ideals and the attack against its enemies. It was called Zersetzung, and it's described in another guideline. Between 1952 and 1989 over 2,800 people were held in the prison on political grounds. History of the Records, Gedenkstätte Berlin-Hohenschönhausen. So he creates an alternative way for what happend. For instance, sleeper agent. The specialized divisions at the district departments were subordinated to the specialized division in the central apparatus and the whole line was under the direct command and control of the high-ranking Stasi officer in charge of the mission. One great advantage of the harassment perpetrated under Zersetzung was that its subtle nature meant that it was able to be plausibly denied. 14.11.2020 02:15 Uhr Feind ist, wer anders denkt - Geheimnisse der Stasi (3/3) Gegen die Genossen | phoenix Zur Geschicte der Gedenkstätte, DDR Museum. On 27 October 1989, the prison freed all political prisoners due to a nationwide amnesty. [81] See also Rosenholz files. Between 1991 and 2011, around 2.75 million individuals, mostly GDR citizens, requested to see their own files. The Stasi – to give them their proper name, the Ministerium für Staatssicherheit or Ministry of State Security – was a secret police like no other. (picture alliance / dpa / Oliver Berg) Maßgebend für diesen Strategie-Pakt war niemand anderer als Stasi-Chef und spezieller Sportfan Erich Mielke. It officially became a Memorial site in 1995. Gedenk- und Dokumentationsstätte „Opfer politischer Gewaltherrschaft“. In nearly every speech, the Stasi minister gave the order to find out who is who, which meant who thinks what.

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